People in advanced, industrialized countries are living longer, and chronic disease rates among the elderly are on the rise in part because of lifestyle issues As a result, the care of chronic diseases (such as hypertension, heart disease, diabetes, chronic lung disease, and chronic kidney disease) accounts for well over 90% of spending by Medicare.
Artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) have influenced medicine in myriad ways, and medical imaging is at the forefront of technological transformation. Recent advances in AI/ML fields have made an impact on imaging and image analysis across the board, from microscopy to radiology. AI has been an active field of research since the 1950s; however, for most of this period, algorithms achieved subhuman performance and were not broadly adopted in medicine.
At first, Ahmed El-Sohemy was puzzled by his data—they were the complete opposite of what they should have been. It was supposed to be a straightforward study of cholesterol metabolism in rats and merely replicate the protocol from another, previously published study. El-Sohemy initially assumed the discrepancy had something to do with the rat chow; but, no, he had fed the rats the very same high-cholesterol feed as in the previous study, and the blood levels of cholesterol reflected that.
Mike McKenna was tired of epilepsy controlling his life. For years, he tried different medications and therapies to no avail; his seizures, which occurred every three to six days, dictated what he could do and where he could live. Then, about ten years ago, he
Although women and men share many similar health challenges throughout their lifetimes, women are not necessarily healthier. Some conditions that only women experience—such as pregnancy, ovarian cancer, or the abnormal growth of the uterus called endometriosis— can become great health risks.
More than a century ago, the American surgeon William Coley noticed a correlation between cancer remissions and postoperative infections: some patients who had battled an infection also experienced a regression of their cancer.
Advances in automobile technology have made headlines over the last few years, and not always for good reasons. In March 2018, an Uber self-driving car ran over a pedestrian in Arizona—the latest in a handful of casualties tied to automated car systems.
According to the World Health Organization, every third adult suffers from hypertension—that is 1.5 billion adults worldwide. Hypertension can lead to severe complications, such as stroke and heart failure – resulting in 7.5 million premature deaths worldwide each year. Together with patients’ associations and global-health managers, professionals agree on the fact that only a blood pressure measurement that is comfortable (cuffless) and continuous (beat-to-beat, including during the night) will empower the real fight against the silent killer.
Work is already underway to bring blockchain technology to the healthcare industry, and hospital administrators are trying to figure out what it can do for them, their clinicians, and their patients. That includes administrators at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, a leading academic medical center located in Boston. We interviewed the medical center’s chief information officer (CIO), John D. Halamka, M.D.
A special Pulse on Stage event exploring the potential of artificial intelligence to transform modern healthcare was hosted at EMBC18.