Gift of Sight: Stem-Cell Patches for Wet and Dry Macular Degeneration

For people who have relied on good eyesight for the first six or seven decades of their lives, the diagnosis of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is devastating. This disease, which currently has no cure, can severely limit central vision and, in many cases, may culminate in legal blindness (unable to see the Big E on the eye chart; vision less than 20/200). Early results from two new stem-cell trials, however, suggest that this type of treatment may be able to restore sight in people with both the dry and wet forms of AMD.

The Power of Light: Nobel Prize in Physics 2018

The 2018 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to three scientists in the field of laser science: Dr. Arthur Ashkin for his invention of the optical tweezers and their application to biological systems, and Dr. Gérard Mourou and Dr. Donna Strickland for their method of generating highintensity, ultrashort optical pulses. The awards integrate the far reaches of time and intensity scales in laser technologies, from the extremely high-intensity chirped pulse lasers (by Mourou and Strickland) to the ultralow-power beams (by Ashkin) that are capable of handling delicate biological objects and molecules.

Healthcare in the Age of Interoperability: Part 3

A universal health app platform to support informatics-based innovations in care delivery, no matter what the underlying EMR, was a long-held goal of the academic health informatics community. In 2010, the federal government awarded U.S. $15 million to the Boston Children’s Hospital Computational Health Informatics Program and the Harvard Medical School Department of Biomedical Informatics…

Using Artificial Intelligence to Combat Information Overload in Research

Scientists striving for impact in their fields and to develop their own careers must publish papers that represent new and important science, typically in a peer-reviewed journal. The number of scientific articles published has doubled every nine years since WWII, and now stands at more than 3 million peer-reviewed articles annually from more than 34,000 scholarly journals.

Engineering Bias in AI

IEEE Pulse recently spoke with Timnit Gebru about the role societal bias plays in engineering AI, the deficits and dangers in the field caused by limited diversity, and the challenges inherent in addressing these complex issues.

Battling Superbugs: How Phage Therapy Went From Obscure to Promising

Until a dangerous bacterial infection left her husband near death 3 years ago, scientist Steffanie Strathdee had never heard of bacteriophage therapy. After it ultimately saved his life, however, she not only has become a staunch advocate of the therapy, but also now serves as co-director of the newly established Center for Innovative Phage Applications and Therapeutics at the University of California San Diego.