This article considers three examples of amazing women who reached the highest intellectual levels, suffered tremendously, demonstrated unbeatable courage, and were, in the end, recognized simply by virtue of their own abilities and merit.
The Gulf of Naples and its surrounding area have served as a beautiful, historic, and romantic attraction for centuries, although the site was seriously damaged by the tragic eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 A.D. that led to the destruction of the Roman cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum plus several other nearby settlements.
Medical science developed in tandem with the evolution of biological species and their associated diseases. Because of the close interaction between humans and other animals, even those in the wild, taking care of the former also means caring for the latter.
It was 23 March 1956. I got up very early to arrive on time, 7:45 a.m., at the Montegrande transmitting station of Transradio International.
The reward is found in giving, not in keeping.
I went through all my years of undergraduate electrical engineering school (1951–1956) without hearing the name Nikola Tesla, even in those courses explicitly dealing with alternating current (ac) machines, or with energy transmission, or with wireless communications.
The universe is the most fundamental wonder: we, as humans, face it every day, contemplate it in endless amazement, question it in our search for answers. And long ago, at a particular moment in a tiny piece of that great wonder, a second wonder, perhaps deeper in reach, emerged: life. Then, slowly, life evolved to contain within it a third wonder, possibly greater in some respects than the universe itself: the human mind.
The origins of convolution and its further and rather complex historical development were dealt with in detail in a previous article. We saw there that it can be traced back to the middle of the 18th century; however, its modern form and use are not more than 50 or 60 years old.
A previous “Retrospectroscope” note dealt with spirometry: it described many apparatuses used to measure the volume of inhaled and exhaled air that results from breathing. Such machines, when adequately modified, are also able to measure the rate at which work is produced.
Biomedical engineering history is full of hidden treasures, one of whom is Al-Zahrawi, a Muslim surgeon who had a wide reputation in Europe during the Middle Ages. Herein, besides recalling that he was a surgeon, the intent is to spotlight his talent in biomedical engineering.