For $99, you can obtain a kit that includes two cotton swabs and instructions for properly collecting your own stool sample, along with oral and skin samples. Upon shipping those specimens to the Knight Lab in La Jolla, CA, you will join the ranks of “citizen scientist,” becoming a contributor to the world’s largest crowd-sourced microbiome research project.
Could biotechnology stop aging? The answer may be yes, no, or something in between, depending on who is being asked and what it means to “stop” aging. For those at one end of the spectrum— life extension seekers (including some deep-pocketed Silicon Valley investors)—the answer is “yes.” They believe biotechnology will lengthen human life spans to range anywhere from 1,000 years to forever. But for most, the answer is more nuanced and involves a dream of extended healthspan, rather than immortality.
Around 2008, endoscopists David Carr-Locke and Petros Benias began to notice an unfamiliar pattern in the bile duct during endomicroscopy, which didn’t look like anything they knew from pathology.
Soft robotics proliferate—along with their sources of inspiration.
Like eight-year-olds who can’t let go of a good joke, Larry Smarr’s nurses and doctors kept coming to him with the same question: “Have you passed gas yet?” Answering this question in the affirmative is, Smarr explains, deadpan, “the state of the art in 2017 in the medical community for deciding when your colon restarts.”
Sufferers of osteoarthritis are all too aware of the daily pain and impairment of swollen joints, of having to give up sports—and jobs—due to cartilage defects. What they may be less aware of is that three-dimensional (3-D) bioprinting and bioink technologies are being developed to
Genomics has been applied to studying diseases spanning from depression to diabetes to high cholesterol. As Dr. Joel Diamond, chief medical officer for Genomics and Precision Medicine at Allscripts, says, “In the area of cardiology, we know that there are syndromes that cause heart arrhythmias or heart abnormalities that have a genomic basis. We know that there are variants of diabetes now—outside the typical Type I and Type II diabetes—that respond very, very [differently to treatments], and their complication rates are very different than what’s been traditionally thought of in diabetes that have the genetic variants of that.” Genomics, in many cases, provides the ability to see a condition through a new lens.
Can brain training make us smarter? Danielle Bassett may be one of the best researchers to ask. Bassett, a physicist by training, is changing neuroscience by applying network science.
Mark Sagar is changing the way we look at computers by giving them faces—disconcertingly realistic human faces. Sagar first gained widespread recognition for his pioneering work in rendering faces for Hollywood movies, including Avatar and King Kong.
The girl looks about 10 years old. She lies quietly on the emergency room exam bed, her eyes wide. Half an hour ago she was swinging—a little too wildly—from monkey bars in the park. Then, she fell.
“Hey kiddo,” says Dr. Srihari Namperumal. “I’m just going